|Title||Children's microenvironmental exposure to PM2.5 and ozone and the impact of indoor air filtration.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||KK Barkjohn, C Norris, X Cui, L Fang, L He, JJ Schauer, Y Zhang, M Black, J Zhang, and MH Bergin|
|Journal||Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology|
|Pagination||971 - 980|
<h4>Background</h4>In highly polluted urban areas, personal exposure to PM<sub>2.5</sub> and O<sub>3</sub> occur daily in various microenvironments. Identifying which microenvironments contribute most to exposure can pinpoint effective exposure reduction strategies and mitigate adverse health impacts.<h4>Methods</h4>This work uses real-time sensors to assess the exposures of children with asthma (N = 39) in Shanghai, quantifying microenvironmental exposure to PM<sub>2.5</sub> and O<sub>3</sub>. An air cleaner was deployed in participants' bedrooms where we hypothesized exposure could be most efficiently reduced. Monitoring occurred for two 48-h periods: one with bedroom filtration (portable air cleaner with HEPA and activated carbon filters) and the other without.<h4>Results</h4>Children spent 91% of their time indoors with the majority spent in their bedroom (47%). Without filtration, the bedroom and classroom environments were the largest contributors to PM<sub>2.5</sub> exposure. With filtration, bedroom PM<sub>2.5</sub> exposure was reduced by 75% (45% of total exposure). Although filtration status did not impact O<sub>3</sub>, the largest contribution of O<sub>3</sub> exposure also came from the bedroom.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Actions taken to reduce bedroom PM<sub>2.5</sub> and O<sub>3</sub> concentrations can most efficiently reduce total exposure. As real-time pollutant monitors become more accessible, similar analyses can be used to evaluate new interventions and optimize exposure reductions for a variety of populations.
|Short Title||Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology|